Associate Research Professor of Political Science
My research is driven by two primary interests that cut across traditional disciplinary boundaries. First, I seek to advance our understanding of how political, legal, and economic institutions not only constrain but also empower some stakeholders vis-à-vis others and how these distributional consequences affect institutional persistence and change in the long run. Second, I seek to understand how market and non-market processes interact in specific issues areas that are intrinsically important The resulting research shows, for instance, that the global governance ("transnational regulation") of product and financial markets is deeply political even when it takes place in non-governmental bodies of technical experts (transnational or private regulation). Other major projects focus on the foreign direct investment (FDI), especially the costs and benefits of using international trade and investment treaties to reduce the political risks FDI faces in developing countries, and foreign aid, especially the distinctiveness of private humanitarian and development aid. A newer NSF-funded project analyzes the international dimension of antitrust/competition policy and builds the first comprehensive database of cross-nationally comparable data on antitrust (competition) law and enforcement.
Qualitative Transparency Deliberations Interim and Working Group Meeting awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017
Rethinking Stakeholder Participation in International Governance awarded by Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2017
The Law and Politics of Antitrust in Open Economies awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2012 to 2016
Allocation of Private Development Aid awarded by Josiah Charles Trent Memorial Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2006 to 2007
Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. The new global rulers: The privatization of regulation in the world economy. February 28, 2011.
Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. Assessing the IASB: Results of a Business Survey about International Financial Reporting Standards and IASB’s Operations, Accountability, and Responsiveness to Stakeholders. Duke University Center for International Studies and Oxford University Global Economic Governance Programme, November 2008.
Büthe, T, and Swank, G. The Politics of Antitrust and Merger Review in the European Union: Institutional Change and Decisions from Messina to 2004. CES Working Paper No.142. Cambridge, MA: Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Harvard University, December 2006.
Büthe, T, and Witte, JM. Product Standards in Transatlantic Trade and Investment: Domestic and International Practices and Institutions. Washington: AICGS, May 2004.
Büthe, T. European Union and National Electorates: Explaining the Austrian Referendum on Joining the European Union. Center for European Studies, Harvard University, 1995.
Büthe, T, and Cheng, C. "Private Transnational Governance of Economic Development: International Development Aid." In Handbook of Global Economic Governance,edited by M Moschella and C Weaver, 322-341. London: Routledge, 2013.
Büthe, T. "Institutionalization and Its Consequences: The Transnational Legal Order for Food Safety." In Transnational Legal Orders,edited by T Halliday and G Shaffer. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Büthe, T. "Beyond Supply and Demand: A Political-Economic Conceptual Model." In Governance by Indicators: Global Power through Quantification and Rankings,edited by K Davis, A Fisher, B Kingsbury, and SE Merry, 29-51. Oxford University Press, 2012.
Büthe, T, and Harris, N. "The Codex Alimentarius Commission: A Hybrid Public-Private Regulator." In Handbook on Transnational Governance: New Institutions and Innovations,edited by T Hale and D Held, 219-228. Polity Press, 2011.
Büthe, T. "The Power of Norms; the Norms of Power: Who Governs International Electrical and Electronic Technology?." In Who Govern the Globe?,edited by DD Avant, M Finnemore, and SK Sell, 292-232. Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. "Standards for Global Markets: Domestic and International Institutions for Setting International Product Standards." In Handbook on Multi-Level Governance,edited by H Enderlein, S Wälti, and M Zürn, 455-476. Edward Elgar, 2010.
Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. "International Standards-Setting Bodies." In Oxford Handbook on Business and Government,edited by D Coen, G Wilson, and W Grant, 440-471. Oxford University Press, 2010.
Büthe, T, and Milner, HV. "Bilateral Investment Treaties and Foreign Direct Investment: A Political Analysis." In The Effect of Treaties on Foreign Direct Investment: Bilateral Investment Treaties, Double Taxation Treaties, and Investment Flows. May 1, 2009. Full Text
Büthe, T. "Technical Standards as Public and Club Goods? Financing the International Accounting Standards Board." In Voluntary Programs: A Club Theory Approach,edited by M Potoski and A Prakash, 157-179. MIT Press, 2009.
Büthe, T. "The Politics of Food Safety in the Age of Global Trade: The Codex Alimentarius Commission in the SPS-Agreement of the WTO." In Import Safety: Regulatory Governance in the Global Economy,edited by C Coglianese, A Finkel, and D Zaring, 88-109. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009.
Büthe, T, and Milner, HV. "Institutional Diversity in Trade Agreements and Their Effect on Foreign Direct Investment: Credibility, Commitments, and Economic Flows in the Developing World, 1971-2007." World Politics 66 (January 2014): 88-122. (Academic Article)
Büthe, T. "Agent-Centric Historical Institutionalism as a Theory of Institutional Change: The Politics of Regulating Competition and Mergers in the European Union, 1955-2010." International Organization 68 (2014). (Academic Article)
Büthe, T. "Review of Randall W. Stone, Controlling Institutions: International Organizations and the Global Economy." Perspectives on Politics 11 (March 2013): 282-284. (Review)
Büthe, T, Major, S, and Souza, ADME. "The Politics of Private Foreign Aid: Humanitarian Principles, Economic Development Objectives, and Organizational Interests in NGO Private Aid Allocation." International Organization 66, no. 04 (October 2012): 571-607. Full Text
Büthe, T. "Private Regulation in the Global Economy: A (P)Review." Business and Politics 12, no. 3 (October 2010): 1-40.
Büthe, T. "Engineering Uncontestedness? The Origins and Institutional Development of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)." Business and Politics 12, no. 3 (October 2010): 1-64.
Büthe, T. "Global Private Politics: A Research Agenda." Business and Politics 12, no. 3 (October 2010): 1-26.
Büthe, T. "The Evolution of Supranational Antitrust Enforcement and Control of Government Subsidies in the EU." New Global Law and Policy 2, no. 2 (July 2009): 181-206.
Büthe, T. "Andrew Walter, ’Governing Finance: East Asia’s Adoption of International Standards’ (book review)." Political Science Quarterly 124 (2009): 376-379. (Review)
Büthe, T. "The Globalization of Health and Safety Standards: Delegation of Regulatory Authority in the SPS-Agreement of the GATT 1994 (WTO) Treaty." Law and Contemporary Problems 71, no. 1 (December 2008): 219-255.
Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. "The Privatization of Regulation in Global Markets: Winners and Losers in the Private Governance of Financial and Product Markets." World Financial Review (September 2011): 66-69.
Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. "The Privatization of Regulation in the World Economy." RegBlog: Regulatory News, Analysis, and Opinion (May 2011).
Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. "Mehr deutscher Einfluss auf die Bilanzierungsregeln?." Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (May 2011): 14-14.