Tim Büthe

Tim Büthe

Associate Research Professor of Political Science

External address: 
140 Science Drive, Gross Hall, 2nd Floor, Dept Of Political Science, Box 90204, Durham, NC 27708-0204
Internal office address: 
Box 90204, Durham, NC 27708-0204
(919) 660-4365


My research is driven by two primary interests that cut across traditional disciplinary boundaries. First, I seek to advance our understanding of how political, legal, and economic institutions not only constrain but also empower some stakeholders vis-à-vis others and how these distributional consequences affect institutional persistence and change in the long run. Second, I seek to understand how market and non-market processes interact in specific issues areas that are intrinsically important The resulting research shows, for instance, that the global governance ("transnational regulation") of product and financial markets is deeply political even when it takes place in non-governmental bodies of technical experts (transnational or private regulation). Other major projects focus on the foreign direct investment (FDI), especially the costs and benefits of using international trade and investment treaties to reduce the political risks FDI faces in developing countries, and foreign aid, especially the distinctiveness of private humanitarian and development aid. A newer NSF-funded project analyzes the international dimension of antitrust/competition policy and builds the first comprehensive database of cross-nationally comparable data on antitrust (competition) law and enforcement.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Columbia University 2002

  • M.A., Columbia University 1997

  • B.A., Harvard University 1995

Selected Grants

Qualitative Transparency Deliberations Interim and Working Group Meeting awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2017

Rethinking Stakeholder Participation in International Governance awarded by Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Principal Investigator). 2015 to 2017

The Law and Politics of Antitrust in Open Economies awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2012 to 2016

Allocation of Private Development Aid awarded by Josiah Charles Trent Memorial Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2006 to 2007

Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. Assessing the IASB: Results of a Business Survey about International Financial Reporting Standards and IASB’s Operations, Accountability, and Responsiveness to Stakeholders. Duke University Center for International Studies and Oxford University Global Economic Governance Programme, November 2008.

Büthe, T, and Swank, G. The Politics of Antitrust and Merger Review in the European Union: Institutional Change and Decisions from Messina to 2004. CES Working Paper No.142. Cambridge, MA: Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Harvard University, December 2006.

Büthe, T, and Cheng, C. "Private Transnational Governance of Economic Development: International Development Aid." In Handbook of Global Economic Governance,edited by M Moschella and C Weaver, 322-341. London: Routledge, 2013.

Büthe, T. "Institutionalization and Its Consequences: The Transnational Legal Order for Food Safety." In Transnational Legal Orders,edited by T Halliday and G Shaffer. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Büthe, T. "Beyond Supply and Demand: A Political-Economic Conceptual Model." In Governance by Indicators: Global Power through Quantification and Rankings,edited by K Davis, A Fisher, B Kingsbury, and SE Merry, 29-51. Oxford University Press, 2012.

Büthe, T, and Harris, N. "The Codex Alimentarius Commission: A Hybrid Public-Private Regulator." In Handbook on Transnational Governance: New Institutions and Innovations,edited by T Hale and D Held, 219-228. Polity Press, 2011.

Büthe, T. "The Power of Norms; the Norms of Power: Who Governs International Electrical and Electronic Technology?." In Who Govern the Globe?,edited by DD Avant, M Finnemore, and SK Sell, 292-232. Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. "Standards for Global Markets: Domestic and International Institutions for Setting International Product Standards." In Handbook on Multi-Level Governance,edited by H Enderlein, S Wälti, and M Zürn, 455-476. Edward Elgar, 2010.

Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. "International Standards-Setting Bodies." In Oxford Handbook on Business and Government,edited by D Coen, G Wilson, and W Grant, 440-471. Oxford University Press, 2010.

Büthe, T, and Milner, HV. "Bilateral Investment Treaties and Foreign Direct Investment: A Political Analysis." In The Effect of Treaties on Foreign Direct Investment: Bilateral Investment Treaties, Double Taxation Treaties, and Investment Flows. May 1, 2009. Full Text

Büthe, T. "The Politics of Food Safety in the Age of Global Trade: The Codex Alimentarius Commission in the SPS-Agreement of the WTO." In Import Safety: Regulatory Governance in the Global Economy,edited by C Coglianese, A Finkel, and D Zaring, 88-109. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009.

Büthe, T. "Technical Standards as Public and Club Goods? Financing the International Accounting Standards Board." In Voluntary Programs: A Club Theory Approach,edited by M Potoski and A Prakash, 157-179. MIT Press, 2009.


Büthe, T. "Review of Randall W. Stone, Controlling Institutions: International Organizations and the Global Economy." Perspectives on Politics 11 (March 2013): 282-284. (Review)

Büthe, T. "Private Regulation in the Global Economy: A (P)Review." Business and Politics 12, no. 3 (October 2010): 1-40.

Büthe, T. "Global Private Politics: A Research Agenda." Business and Politics 12, no. 3 (October 2010): 1-26.

Büthe, T. "The Evolution of Supranational Antitrust Enforcement and Control of Government Subsidies in the EU." New Global Law and Policy 2, no. 2 (July 2009): 181-206.

Büthe, T. "Andrew Walter, ’Governing Finance: East Asia’s Adoption of International Standards’ (book review)." Political Science Quarterly 124 (2009): 376-379. (Review)


Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. "Mehr deutscher Einfluss auf die Bilanzierungsregeln?." Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (May 2011): 14-14.

Büthe, T, and Mattli, W. "The Privatization of Regulation in the World Economy." RegBlog: Regulatory News, Analysis, and Opinion (May 2011).