Gary Gereffi

Gary Gereffi

Professor Emeritus of Sociology

External address: 
264 Soc-Psych, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90088, Durham, NC 27708-0088
(919) 660-5611


Gary Gereffi's major ongoing research projects are:  (1) a book (co-authored with Frederick Mayer) on the uptake of the global value chain paradigm by major international organizations in the economic and social development arena; (2) a forthcoming co-edited volume with Valentina De Marchi and Eleonora Di Maria on Local Clusters in Global Value Chains: Linking Actors and Territories Through Manufacturing and Innovation (Routledge, 2017); (3) work with the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank on export competitiveness, workforce development, and regional value chains, with an emphasis on Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa; (4) member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on “The Future of Manufacturing” (2012-2016); and  (5) “A Global Value Chain Analysis of Food Security and Food Staples in the Energy-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region,” with case studies on Egypt, Russia, Morocco and Syria.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Yale University 1980

Selected Grants

The Solar Economy: Widespread Benefits for North Carolina awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2015

Surna-SFPUC Green Infrastructure Value Chain awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2015

Private-Sector Engagement as a Poverty-Reduction Strategy awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2015

PS Power Research awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2014 to 2015

The Relationship Between MNEs, International Investment and GVCs awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2014

UNCTAD Tobacco Global Value Chain awarded by (Principal Investigator). 2013

(93-0975) Export Diversification and Triangle Manufacturing in the Third World: The Impact of U.S. Quotas awarded by Josiah Charles Trent Memorial Foundation (Principal Investigator). 1993 to 1994


Gereffi, G. The Value of Value Chains: Spreading the Gains from Globalisation. Edited by Gary Gereffi and Raphael Kaplinsky. Vol. 32. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex, 2001.

Gereffi, Gary, and Miguel Korzeniewicz. Commodity Chains and Global Capitalism. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (hardcover) and Praeger (paperback), 1994.

Gereffi, Gary, and Donald L. Wyman. Manufacturing Miracles: Paths of Industrialization in Latin America and East Asia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Gereffi, Gary. The Pharmaceutical Industry and Dependency in the Third World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1983.


Bair, J., and G. Gereffi. “Towards Better Work in Central America: Nicaragua and the CAFTA Context.” In Towards Better Work: Understanding Labour in Apparel Global Value Chains, edited by A. Rossi, A. Luinstra, and J. Pickles, 251–75. Basingstoke, UK: UK: Palgrave Macmillan and the International Labour Office, 2014. Open Access Copy

Milberg, W., X. Jiang, and G. Gereffi. “Industrial Policy in the Era of Vertically Specialized Industrialization.” In Transforming Economies: Making Industrial Policy Work for Growth, Jobs and Development, edited by J. Salazar-Xirinachs, I. Nübler, and R. Kozul-Wright, 151–78. Geneva,: International Labour Organization and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2014. Open Access Copy

Fernández-Stark, Karina, Penny Bamber, and Gary Gereffi. “Global value chains in Latin America: A development perspective for upgrading,” 2014. Open Access Copy

Gereffi, G., and T. Sturgeon. “Global Value Chain-Oriented Industrial Policy: The Role of Emerging Economies.” In Global Value Chains in a Changing World, edited by D. K. Elms and P. Low, 329–60. Geneva: World Trade Organization, Fung Global Institute and Temasek Foundation Centre for Trade & Negotiations, 2013. Open Access Copy

Sturgeon, T. J., P. B. Nielsen, G. Linden, G. Gereffi, and C. Brown. “Direct Measurement of Global Value Chains: Collecting Product- and Firm-Level Statistics on Value Added and Business Function Outsourcing and Offshoring.” In Trade in Value Added: Developing New Measures of Cross-Border Trade, edited by A. Mattoo, A. Wang, and S. J. Wei, 291–321. Washington, DC: The World Bank and CEPR, 2013.

Fernandez-Stark, K., P. Bamber, and G. Gereffi. “Regional Competitiveness in the Latin America Offshore Services Value Chain.” In The Oxford Handbook of Offshoring and Global Employment, edited by A. Bardhan, D. W. Jaffe, and C. A. Kroll, 534–63. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Appelbaum, R. P., R. Parker, C. Cao, and G. Gereffi. “China’s (Not So Hidden) Developmental State: Becoming a Leading Nanotechnology Innovator in the Twenty-First Century.” In State of Innovation: The U.S. Government’s Role in Technology Development, edited by F. Block and M. R. Keller, 217–35. Paradigm Publishers, 2011.

Sturgeon, T., J. Humphrey, and G. Gereffi. “Making the Global Supply Base.” In The Market Makers: How Retailers Are Reshaping the Global Economy, edited by G. G. Hamilton, M. Petrovic, and B. Senauer, 231–54. Oxford University Press, 2011.

Gereffi, G. “China and Mexico in the Global Economy: Comparative Development Models in an Era of Neoliberalism.” In Globalization and Beyond: New Examinations of Global Power and Its Alternatives, edited by J. Shefner and P. Fernández-Kelly, 70–89. Pennsylvania State University Press, 2011.

Gereffi, G., and E. Guler. “Global Production Networks and Decent Work in India and China: Evidence from the Apparel, Automotive, and Information Technology Industries.” In Labour in Global Production Networks in India, edited by A. Posthuma and D. Nathan, 103–26. Oxford University Press, 2010.


Frederick, S., J. Bair, and G. Gereffi. “Regional trade agreements and export competitiveness: The uncertain path of Nicaragua's apparel exports under CAFTA.” Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 8, no. 3 (January 1, 2015): 403–20. Full Text Open Access Copy

Frederick, Stacey, Jennifer Bair, and Gary Gereffi. “Editor's choice Regional trade agreements and export competitiveness: the uncertain path of Nicaragua’s apparel exports under CAFTA.” Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 8, no. 3 (2015): 403–20. Open Access Copy

Ahmed, G., A. Abdulsamad, G. Gereffi, and J. Daly. “What role can coal play in the United States' energy future?.” Electricity Journal 27, no. 3 (January 1, 2014): 87–95. Full Text Open Access Copy

Gereffi, G. “Global value chains in a post-Washington Consensus world.” Review of International Political Economy 21, no. 1 (January 1, 2014): 9–37. Full Text Open Access Copy

Gereffi, G. “A Global Value Chain Perspective on Industrial Policy and Development in Emerging Markets.” Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law 24, no. 3 (2014): 433–58. Open Access Copy

Lee, Joonkoo, G. Gereffi, and Dev Nathan. “Mobile Phones: Who Benefits in Shifting Global Value Chains?.” Capturing the Gains, Revised Summit Briefing, no. 6 (May 16, 2013). Open Access Copy

Gereffi, G. “Economic and Social Upgrading and Workforce Development in the Apparel Global Value Chain.” International Labor Brief 11, no. 4 (April 2013): 18–28. Open Access Copy


Fernandez-Stark, K., P. Bamber, and G. Gereffi. “Peru in the High Quality Cotton Textile and Apparel Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading.” Durham, NC: Duke CGGC (Duke University, Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness), January 29, 2016. Full Text Open Access Copy

Bamber, P., K. Fernandez-Stark, and G. Gereffi. “Peru in the Mining Equipment Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading.” Durham, NC: Duke CGGC (Duke University, Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness), January 29, 2016. Full Text Open Access Copy

Fernandez-Stark, K., P. Bamber, and G. Gereffi. “Peru in the Table Grape Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading.” Durham, NC: Duke CGGC (Duke University, Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness), January 29, 2016. Full Text Open Access Copy

Gereffi, G., S. Frederick, and J. Bair. “Bahrain’s Position in the Global Apparel Value Chain: How the U.S.-Bahrain FTA and PTLs Shape Future Development Options.” Durham, NC: Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness, Duke University, January 11, 2016. Full Text Open Access Copy

Abdulsamad, Ajmal, Shawn Stokes, and G. Gereffi. “Public-Private Partnerships in Global Value Chains: Can They Actually Benefit the Poor?,” February 10, 2015.

Gereffi, G., and X. Luo. “Risks and Opportunities of Participation in Global Value Chains.” Policy Research Working Paper 6847. World Bank, April 2014.

frederick, S., J. Bair, and G. Gereffi. “Nicaragua and the Apparel Value Chain in the Americas: Implications for Regional Trade and Employment.” Durham: Duke CGGC, March 18, 2014.

Goger, A, Driss, A. Hull, A. Barrientos, S, A. Gereffi, G, and A. Godfrey, S. “Capturing the Gains in Africa: Making the most of global value chain participation.” Durham: Duke CGGC, February 13, 2014.

Bamber, P., K. Fernandez-Stark, G. Gereffi, and A. Guinn. “Connecting Local Producers in Developing Countries to Regional and Global Value Chains – Update.” OECD Trade Policy Paper No. 160, December 3, 2013.


Lee, Joonkoo, G. Gereffi, and Stephanie Barrientos. “Global Value Chains, Upgrading and Poverty Reduction.” Capturing the Gains Briefing Note, November 23, 2011.

Gereffi, G. “Shifting End Markets and Upgrading Prospects in Global Value Chains.” Edited by Cornelia Staritz, Gary Gereffi, and Olivier Cattaneo. Special Issue of International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development (Ijtlid), 2011.

Lowe, Marcy, Shawn Stokes, and Gary Gereffi. “Restoring the Gulf Coast: New Markets for Established Firms.” Report prepared for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), 2011.

Lowe, Marcy, Saori Tokuoka, Kristen Dubay, and Gary Gereffi. “U.S. Manufacture of Rail Vehicles for Intercity Passenger Rail and Urban Transit: A Value Chain Analysis,” June 2010.

Gereffi, Gary, and Karina Fernandez-Stark. “The Offshore Services Value Chain: Developing Countries and the Crisis,” April 2010.

Dubay, Kristen, Saori Tokuoka, and Gary Gereffi. “A Value Chain Analysis of the Sinaloa, Mexico Shrimp Fishery,” March 2010.

Fernandez-Stark, Karina, Penny Bamber, and Gary Gereffi. “Workforce Development in Chile’s Offshore Services Value Chain,” March 2010.

Lowe, Marcy, Ruggero Golini, and Gary Gereffi. “U.S. Adoption of High-Efficiency Motors and Drives: Lessons Learned,” February 2010.