Gary Gereffi

Gary Gereffi

Professor Emeritus of Sociology

External address: 
264 Soc-Psych, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90088, Durham, NC 27708-0088
(919) 660-5611


Gary Gereffi's major ongoing research projects are:  (1) a book (co-authored with Frederick Mayer) on the uptake of the global value chain paradigm by major international organizations in the economic and social development arena; (2) a forthcoming co-edited volume with Valentina De Marchi and Eleonora Di Maria on Local Clusters in Global Value Chains: Linking Actors and Territories Through Manufacturing and Innovation (Routledge, 2017); (3) work with the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank on export competitiveness, workforce development, and regional value chains, with an emphasis on Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa; (4) member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on “The Future of Manufacturing” (2012-2016); and  (5) “A Global Value Chain Analysis of Food Security and Food Staples in the Energy-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region,” with case studies on Egypt, Russia, Morocco and Syria.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Yale University 1980

Appelbaum, R. P., G. Gereffi, R. Parker, and R. Ong. “De la mano de obra barata, al liderazgo en alta tecnología: ¿Será rentable la inversión china en nanotecnología?.” In Globalización, Conocimiento y Desarrollo: Teoría y Estrategias de Desarrollo En El Contexto Del Cambio Histórico Mundial, edited by J. B. Kunhardt and M. A. R. Rios, 255–83. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México,México, D.F.: Miguel Angel Porrua, 2009.

Gereffi, G. “Modelos de desarrollo y escalamiento industrial en China y México: el papel del comercio internacional y de la inversión extranjera directa.” In Oportunidades En La Relación Económica y Comercial Entre China y México, edited by Enrique Dussel Peters, 279–306. México, D.F.: CEPAL (Comisión Económica para América Latina), 2007.

Gereffi, G. “La economía global: organización, governance y desarrollo.” In Sistemas Locales En Las Redes Internacionales de Producción, edited by E. D. M. Y. S. Micelli, 47–103. Rome, Italy: Aracne, 2006, 2005.

Gereffi, G. “The Global Economy: Organization, Governance, and Development.” In The Handbook of Economic Sociology, edited by N. J. Smelser and R. Swedberg, 160–82. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press and Russell Sage Foundation, 2005.

Gereffi, G., and M. A. Martínez. “Mexico’s Economic Transformation Under NAFTA.” In Mexico’s Democracy at Work: Political and Economic Dynamics, edited by R. Crandall, G. Paz, and R. Roett, 119–50. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.

Bair, J., and G. Gereffi. “Upgrading, uneven development, and jobs in the north american apparel industry.” In Labor and the Globalization of Production: Causes and Consequences of Industrial Upgrading, 58–87, 2004. Full Text

Gereffi, G., and O. Memodovic. “The Global Apparel Value Chain: What Prospects for Upgrading by Developing Countries?.” In Globalization and Its Outcomes, edited by J. O. Loughlin, L. Staeheli, and E. Greenberg, 67–97. New York: Guilford Press, 2004.

Gereffi, Gary, and Olga Memodovic. “Original complete version: “The Global Apparel Value Chain: What Prospects for Upgrading by Developing Countries?”.” In United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Sectoral Studies Series, 2004.

Gereffi, G. “Mexico’s Industrial Development: Climbing Ahead or Falling Behind in the World Economy?.” In Confronting Development: Assessing Mexico’s Economic and Social Policy Changes, edited by Kevin J. Middlebrook and Eduardo Zepeda, 195–240. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press and Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, University of California, San Diego, 2003.

Bair, J., and G. Gereffi. “NAFTA and the apparel commodity chain: Corporate strategies, interfirm networks, and industrial upgrading.” In Free Trade & Uneven Development: The North American Apparel Industry after Nafta, edited by G. Gereffi, D. Spener, and J. Bair, 23–50. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2002. Open Access Copy


Brady, D., Y. Kaya, and G. Gereffi. “Stagnating industrial employment in Latin America.” Work and Occupations 38, no. 2 (May 1, 2011): 179–220. Full Text Open Access Copy

Wadhwa, Vivek, Sonali Jain, AnnaLee Saxenian, G. Gereffi, and Huiyao Wang. “The Grass is Indeed Greener in India and China for Returnee Entrepreneurs: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs – Part VI,” April 8, 2011.

Gereffi, G. “Global Value Chains and International Competition.” Antitrust Bulletin 56, no. 1 (March 1, 2011): 37–56. Full Text Open Access Copy

Staritz, Cornelia, Gary Gereffi, and Olivier Cattaneo. “Shifting End Markets and Upgrading Prospects in Global Value Chains (Special Issue of IJTLID).” Special Issue of International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development (Ijtlid) Vol. 4, Nos. 1/2/3 (January 2011).

Anderies, J. M., K. J. Dooley, Gary Gereffi, J. S. Golden, L. Pratson, and B. H. Thompson. “Sustainable product indexing: Navigating the challenge of ecolabeling,” October 29, 2010. Open Access Copy

Mayer, Frederick, and Gary Gereffi. “Regulation and Economic Globalization: Prospects and Limits of Private Governance.” Business and Politics 12, no. 03 (October 2010): 1–25.

Jasso, G., V. Wadhwa, G. Gereffi, B. Rissing, and R. Freeman. “How many highly skilled foreign-born are waiting in line for U.S. legal permanent residence?.” International Migration Review 44, no. 2 (June 1, 2010): 477–98. Full Text Open Access Copy

Sturgeon, Timothy, Gary Gereffi, Kimberly B. Rogers, and Karina Fernandez-Stark. “The Prospects for Mexico in the North American Automotive Industry: A Global Value Chain Perspective.” Actes Du Gerpisa, March 2010, 11–22.


Brun, L. C., J. Lee, and G. Gereffi. “Assessing Ocean Technology Value Chains: A Guide for the Canadian Trade Commissioner Service.” Canada: Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT), April 2012.

Gereffi, G., L. C. Brun, J. Lee, and M. Turnipseed. “Nova Scotia’s Ocean Technologies: A Global Value Chain Analysis of Inshore & Extreme Climate Vehicles, Unmanned Underwater Vehicles, and Underwater Sensors & Instrumentation.” Nova Scotia: Department of Economic and Rural Development and Tourism (ERDT, March 5, 2012.

Lee, J., G. Gereffi, and S. Barrientos. “Global Value Chains, Upgrading and Poverty Reduction.” Capturing the Gains, Briefing Note 3, November 2011.

Lowe, M., S. Stokes, and G. Gereffi. “Restoring the Gulf Coast: New Markets for Established Firms.” Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), August 5, 2011.

Gereffi, G., and K. Fernandez-Stark. “Global Value Chain Analysis: A Primer.” Background Document for World Bank Training Workshop on Global Value Chains in Astana, Kazakhstan., May 31, 2011.

Brun, Lukas C., and Gary Gereffi. “The Multiple Pathways to Industrial Energy Efficiency: A Systems and Value Chain Approach.” Report prepared for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), 2011.

Lowe, Marcy, Hua Fan, and Gary Gereffi. “U.S. Smart Grid: Finding New Ways to Cut Carbon and Create Jobs.” Report prepared for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), 2011.

Lowe, Marcy, Hua Fan, and Gary Gereffi. “Smart Grid: Core Firms in the Research Triangle Region, North Carolina.” Report for the Institute for Emerging Issues, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 2011.

Gereffi, Gary, Tali Trigg, and Marcy Lowe. “Case Study: A123 Systems Local Markets and Competitiveness, A Value Chain Analysis,” October 2010.