Gary Gereffi

Gary Gereffi

Professor Emeritus of Sociology

External address: 
264 Soc-Psych, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90088, Durham, NC 27708-0088
(919) 660-5611


Gary Gereffi's major ongoing research projects are:  (1) a book (co-authored with Frederick Mayer) on the uptake of the global value chain paradigm by major international organizations in the economic and social development arena; (2) a forthcoming co-edited volume with Valentina De Marchi and Eleonora Di Maria on Local Clusters in Global Value Chains: Linking Actors and Territories Through Manufacturing and Innovation (Routledge, 2017); (3) work with the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank on export competitiveness, workforce development, and regional value chains, with an emphasis on Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa; (4) member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on “The Future of Manufacturing” (2012-2016); and  (5) “A Global Value Chain Analysis of Food Security and Food Staples in the Energy-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region,” with case studies on Egypt, Russia, Morocco and Syria.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Yale University 1980

Gereffi, G., M. A. Martínez, and J. Bair. “Torreón: The new blue jeans capital of the world.” In Free Trade & Uneven Development:: The North American Apparel Industry after Nafta, edited by G. Gereffi, D. Spener, and J. Bair, 203–23. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2002. Open Access Copy

Spener, D., G. Gereffi, and J. Bair. “Introduction: The apparel industry and North American economic integration.” In Free Trade and Uneven Development: The North American Apparel Industry after NAFTA, edited by G. Gereffi, D. Spener, and J. Bair, 3–22. Temple University Press, 2002. Open Access Copy

Bair, J., D. A. Spener, and G. Gereffi. “NAFTA and uneven development in the North American apparel industry.” In Free Trade & Uneven Development: The North American Apparel Industry after Nafta, edited by G. Gereffi, D. Spener, and J. Bair, 327–40. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2002. Open Access Copy

Bair, J., and G. Gereffi. “Industrial Development, Networks and Employment in the Apparel Commodity Chain.” In Grenzenlose Kontrolle? Organisatorischer Wandel Und Politische Macht Multinationaler Unternehmen, edited by C. Dörrenbächer and D. Plehwe, 195–242. Berlin, Germany: Berlin: edition sigma, 2000.

Gereffi, G. “The Mexico-U.S. Apparel Connection: Economic Dualism and Transnational Networks..” In Poverty or Development: Global Restructuring and Regional Transformations in the U.S. South and the Mexican South, edited by Richard Tardanico and Mark B. Rosenberg, 59–89. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Gereffi, G. “The Regional Dynamics of Global Trade: Asian, American, and European Models of Apparel Sourcing.” In The Dialectics of Globalization—Regional Responses to World Economic Processes: Asia, Europe, and Latin America in Comparative Perspective, edited by M. Vellinga, 31–62. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000.

Gereffi, G. “More than the Market, More than the State: Global Commodity Chains and Industrial Upgrading in East Asia..” In Beyond the Developmental State: East Asia’s Political Economies Reconsidered, edited by Steve Chan, Cal Clark, and Danny Lam, 38–59. New York: St. Martin’s Press and Macmillan, 1998.

Gereffi, G. “Global Sourcing and Regional Divisions of Labor in the Pacific Rim..” In What Is in a Rim? Critical Perspectives on the Pacific Region Idea, 2nd Ed, edited by Arif Dirlik, 143–61. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1998.

Gereffi, G. “The Reorganization of Production on a World Scale: States, Markets and Networks in the Apparel and Electronics Commodity Chains..” In Regionalization and Labour Market Interdependence in East and Southeast Asia, edited by Duncan Campbell, Aurelio Parisotto, Anil Verma, and Asma Lateef, 43–91. New York:St. Martin’s Press and Macmillan, 1997.

Gereffi, G. “The Elusive Last Lap in the Quest for Developed-Country Status..” In Globalization: Critical Reflections, edited by James H. Mittelman, 53–81. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1996.


Golden, J. S., K. J. Dooley, J. M. Anderies, B. H. Thompson, G. Gereffi, and L. Pratson. “Sustainable product indexing: Navigating the challenge of ecolabeling.” Ecology and Society 15, no. 3 (January 1, 2010). Full Text Open Access Copy

Gereffi, G. “China y México en la economía global: trayectorias de desarrollo divergentes en una era de crisis económica.” Foro Internacional 3–4, no. 201–202 (2010): 778–807.

Gereffi, G., and M. Christian. “The impacts of Wal-Mart: The rise and consequences of the world's dominant retailer.” Annual Review of Sociology 35 (December 1, 2009): 573–91. Full Text

Sturgeon, T. J., and G. Gereffi. “Measuring success in the global economy: International trade, industrial upgrading, and business function outsourcing in global value chains.” Transnational Corporations 18, no. 2 (August 1, 2009): 1–35.

Gereffi, Gary, Joonkoo Lee, and Michelle Christian. “US-Based Food and Agricultural Value Chains and Their Relevance to Healthy Diets..” Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition 4, no. 3–4 (July 2009): 357–74. Full Text Open Access Copy

Gereffi, G. “Development models and industrial upgrading in China and Mexico.” European Sociological Review 25, no. 1 (February 1, 2009): 37–51. Full Text

Sturgeon, T. J., J. Van Biesebroeck, and G. Gereffi. “The North American automotive value chain: Canada’s role and prospects.” International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development 2, no. 1–2 (January 1, 2009): 25–52. Full Text

Sturgeon, Timothy J., Olga Memedovic, Johannes Van Biesebroeck, and Gary Gereffi. “Globalisation of the automotive industry: main features and trends.” International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development 2, no. 1 (January 2009): 7–24.

Wadhwa, Vivek, Gary Gereffi, and Alex Salkever. “The American Brain Drain and Asia.” The Asia Pacific Journal 14-1–09 (2009).

Evgeniev, E., and G. Gereffi. “Textile and apparel firms in turkey and bulgaria: Exports, local upgrading and dependency.” Ikonomicheski Izsledvania 17, no. 3 (December 1, 2008): 148–79.


Gereffi, Gary, Ghada Ahmed, and Marcy Lowe. “Case Study: Cree, Inc. Local Markets and Global Competitiveness: A Value Chain Analysis,” October 2010.

Lowe, Marcy, Saori Tokuoka, Tali Trigg, and Gary Gereffi. “Lithium-ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles: The U.S. Value Chain,” October 2010.

Brun, Lukas, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Christpher Guertsen, and Gary Gereffi. “Agricultural Value Chains in the Mexicali Valley of Mexico: Main Producers and Buyers,” September 2010.

Lowe, M., S. Tokuoka, K. Dubay, and G. Gereffi. “U.S. Manufacture of Rail Vehicles for Intercity Passenger Rail and Urban Transit: A Value Chain Analysis,” June 22, 2010.

Gereffi, G., and S. Frederick. “The Global Apparel Value Chain, Trade and the Crisis: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries.” Policy Research Working Paper 5281, April 2010.

Gereffi, G., and K. Fernandez-Stark. “The Offshore Services Value Chain: Developing Countries and the Crisis.” Policy Research Working Paper 5262, April 2010.

Dubay, K., S. Tokuoka, and G. Gereffi. “A Value Chain Analysis of the Sinaloa, Mexico Shrimp Fishery,” March 15, 2010.

Fernandez-Stark, K., P. Bamber, and G. Gereffi. “Workforce Development in Chile’s Offshore Services Value Chain,” March 15, 2010.

Gereffi, G., and K. Fernandez-Stark. “The Offshore Services Global Value Chain,” March 1, 2010.

Fernandez-Stark, K., P. Bamber, and G. Gereffi. “Chile’s Offshore Services Value Chain,” March 1, 2010.