Gary Gereffi

Gary Gereffi

Professor Emeritus of Sociology

External address: 
264 Soc-Psych, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90088, Durham, NC 27708-0088
(919) 660-5611


Gary Gereffi's major ongoing research projects are:  (1) a book (co-authored with Frederick Mayer) on the uptake of the global value chain paradigm by major international organizations in the economic and social development arena; (2) a forthcoming co-edited volume with Valentina De Marchi and Eleonora Di Maria on Local Clusters in Global Value Chains: Linking Actors and Territories Through Manufacturing and Innovation (Routledge, 2017); (3) work with the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank on export competitiveness, workforce development, and regional value chains, with an emphasis on Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa; (4) member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on “The Future of Manufacturing” (2012-2016); and  (5) “A Global Value Chain Analysis of Food Security and Food Staples in the Energy-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region,” with case studies on Egypt, Russia, Morocco and Syria.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Yale University 1980

Gereffi, G., and M. -. L. Pan. “The Globalization of Taiwan’s Garment Industry.” In Global Production, edited by E. Bonacich, L. Cheng, N. Chinchilla, N. Hamilton, and P. Ong, 126–46. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1994.

Gereffi, G. “International Subcontracting and Global Capitalism: Reshaping the Pacific Rim..” In Pacific-Asia and the Future of the World-System, edited by Ravi Arvind Palat, 67–81. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.

Gereffi, Gary, and Lu-Lin Cheng. “The Role of Informality in East Asian Development, with Implications for Mexico.” In Work Without Protections: Case Studies of the Informal Sector in Developing Countries, edited by Gregory K. Schoepfle and Jorge F. Perez-Lopez, 177–214. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 1993.

Gereffi, G. “New Realities of Industrial Development in East Asia and Latin America: Global, Regional, and National Trends..” In States and Development in the Asian Pacific Rim, edited by Richard P. Appelbaum and Jeffrey Henderson, 85–112. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1992.

Gereffi, G. “Mexico’s Maquiladora Industries and North American Integration..” In North America Without Borders? Integrating Canada, the United States, and Mexico, edited by Stephen J. Randall, 135–51. Calgary, Canada: University of Calgary Press, 1992.

Gereffi, G. “Recasting Development Theory in Latin America and East Asia..” In The University of Hong Kong, Social Sciences Research Center, Occasional Paper Series, Paper No. 6, 1992.

Gereffi, G. “Estructura industrial y estratégias de desarrollo en América Latina y Asia Oriental..” In La Inserción de México En La Cuenca Del Pacífico, Vol.III, edited by Alejandro Alvarez Béjar and John Borrego, 49–82. México, D.F.: Facultad de Economía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1990.

Gereffi, G., and M. Korzeniewicz. “Commodity chains and footwear exports in the semiperiphery.” In Semiperipheral States in the World-Economy, edited by W. G. Martin, 45–68. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Gereffi, G. “Paths of Industrialization: An Overview..” In Manufacturing Miracles: Paths of Industrialization in Latin America and East Asia, edited by Gary Gereffi and Donald L. Wyman, 3–31. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Gereffi, G. “Big Business and the State..” In Manufacturing Miracles: Paths of Industrialization in Latin America and East Asia, edited by G. Gereffi and D. L. Wyman, 90–109. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990.


Neidik, B., and G. Gereffi. “Explaining Turkey's emergence and sustained competitiveness as a full-package supplier of apparel.” Environment and Planning A 38, no. 12 (December 1, 2006): 2285–2303. Full Text

Wadhwa, Vivek, Ben A. Rissing, and G. Gereffi. “Industry Trends in Engineering Offshoring,” October 24, 2006.

Wadhwa, Vivek, and G. Gereffi. “Framing the Engineering Outsourcing Debate,” December 12, 2005.

Gereffi, G., J. Humphrey, and T. Sturgeon. “The governance of global value chains.” Review of International Political Economy 12, no. 1 (February 1, 2005): 78–104. Full Text

Gereffi, Gary, Glenn Morgan, Peer Hull Kristensen, and Richard Whitley. “The Multinational Firm: Organizing across Institutional and National Divides.” Contemporary Sociology 32, no. 6 (November 2003): 713–713. Full Text

Bair, Jennifer, and Gary Gereffi. “Upgrading, uneven development, and jobs in the North American apparel industry.” Global Networks 3, no. 2 (April 2003): 143–69. Full Text

Gereffi, G. “The international competitiveness of Asian economies in the apparel commodity chain.” Erd Working Paper Series, no. 5 (February 1, 2002): 1–34.

Gereffi, G. “Prospects for Industrial Upgrading by Developing Countries in the Global Apparel Commodity Chain..” International Journal of Business and Society 3 (January 2002): 27–60.

Gereffi, G. “Global sourcing in the U.S. apparel industry.” Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management 2, no. 1 (December 1, 2001). Open Access Copy


Dubay, K., G. Ayee, and G. Gereffi. “Electric Heat Pump Water Heaters,” February 27, 2009.

Frederick, S., and G. Gereffi. “Value Chain Governance.” USAID Briefing Paper, 2009.

Wadhwa, V., U. K. De Vitton, and G. Gereffi. “How the Disciple Became the Guru: Workforce Development in India’s R&D Labs,” July 23, 2008.

Gereffi, G. “China’s Impact on North Carolina’s Major Industries.” Hearing on “China’s Impact on the North Carolina Economy: Winners and Losers.” Kenan Conference Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, September 6, 2007.

Wadhwa, Vivek, Guillermina Jasso, Ben A. Rissing, G. Gereffi, and Richard B. Freeman. “Intellectual Property, the Immigration Backlog, and a Reverse Brain-Drain: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs, Part III,” August 22, 2007.

Wadhwa, V., B. Rissing, A. Saxenian, and G. Gereffi. “Education, Entrepreneurship, and Immigration: America’s New Immigrant Entrepreneurs, Part II,” June 11, 2007.

Sturgeon, T., J. Van Biesebroeck, and G. Gereffi. “Prospects for Canada in the NAFTA Automotive Industry: A Global Value Chain Analysis,” March 14, 2007.

Wadhwa, Vivek, AnnaLee Saxenian, Ben A. Rissing, and G. Gereffi. “America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs: Part I,” January 4, 2007.

Hutson, Monica Biradavolu, and Gary Gereffi. “Value Chain for the U.S. Cotton Industry,” March 4, 2005.