Gary Gereffi

Gary Gereffi

Professor Emeritus of Sociology

External address: 
264 Soc-Psych, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90088, Durham, NC 27708-0088
(919) 660-5611


Gary Gereffi is Emeritus Professor of Sociology and Director of the Global Value Chains Center at Duke University (  He has published over a dozen books and numerous articles on globalization, industrial upgrading, and social and economic development, and he is one of the originators of the global value chains framework.  His most recent books are:  Handbook on Global Value Chains (co-edited by Stefano Ponte, Gary Gereffi and Gale Raj-Reichert), Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. 2019); and Global Value Chains and Development: Redefining the Contours of 21st Century Capitalism (Cambridge University Press, 2018).  Current projects include:  (1) the impact of U.S. protectionism on jobs and regional trade agreements; (2) evaluating how the digital economy and Industry 4.0 are likely to affect international business strategies and industrial upgrading; and (3) shifting regional interdependencies in East Asia and North America, with a focus on China, South Korea and Mexico vis-à-vis the United States.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Yale University 1980

Gereffi, G. “China and Mexico in the Global Economy: Comparative Development Models in an Era of Neoliberalism.” In Globalization and Beyond: New Examinations of Global Power and Its Alternatives, edited by J. Shefner and P. Fernández-Kelly, 70–89. Pennsylvania State University Press, 2011.

Cattaneo, O., G. Gereffi, and C. Staritz. “Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: Resilience, Consolidation, and Shifting End Markets.” In Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective, edited by O. Cattaneo, G. Gereffi, and C. Staritz, 3–20. The World Bank, 2010.

Christian, M., and G. Gereffi. “The Marketing and Distribution of Fast Food.” In Pediatric Obesity: Etiology, Pathogenesis, and Treatment, edited by M. Freemark, 439–50. Humana Press, 2010.

Gereffi, G., and E. Guler. “Global Production Networks and Decent Work in India and China: Evidence from the Apparel, Automotive, and Information Technology Industries.” In Labour in Global Production Networks in India, edited by A. Posthuma and D. Nathan, 103–26. Oxford University Press, 2010.

Gereffi, G., and M. Christian. “Trade, Transnational Corporations and Food Consumption: A Global Value Chain Approach.” In Trade, Food, Diet and Health: Perspectives and Policy Options, edited by C. Hawkes, C. Blouin, S. Henson, N. Drager, and L. Dubé, 91–110. Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

Gereffi, G., and S. Frederick. “The Global Apparel Value Chain, Trade and the Crisis: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries.” In Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective, edited by O. Cattaneo, G. Gereffi, and C. Staritz, 157–208. Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2010.

Gereffi, G., and K. Fernandez-Stark. “The Offshore Services Value Chain: Developing Countries and the Crisis.” In Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective, edited by O. Cattaneo, G. Gereffi, and C. Staritz, 335–72. Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2010.

Gereffi, G. “Global Value Chains and Sustainable Development.” In Chain for Change, 47–61. Erasmus University.: Rotterdam School of Management, 2009. Open Access Copy

Hamilton, G. G., and G. Gereffi. “Global Commodity Chains, Market Makers, and the Rise of Demand- Responsive Economies.” In Frontiers of Commodity Chain Research, edited by J. Bair, 136–61. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press., 2009.

Frederick, Stacey, and Gary Gereffi. “Review and Analysis of Protectionist Actions in the Textile and Apparel Industries.” In The Fateful Allure of Protectionism: Taking Stock for the G8, edited by Simon J. Evenett, Bernard M. Hoekman, and Olivier Cattaneo, 65–68. The World Bank and the Centre for Economic Policy Research, 2009.


Lee, Joonkoo, G. Gereffi, and Dev Nathan. “Mobile Phones: Who Benefits in Shifting Global Value Chains?Capturing the Gains, Revised Summit Briefing, no. 6 (May 16, 2013). Open Access Copy

Cattaneo, Olivier, G. Gereffi, S. Miroudot, and D. Taglioni. “Joining, Upgrading and Being Competitive in Global Value Chains: A Strategic Framework.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, no. 6406 (April 1, 2013). Open Access Copy

Gereffi, G. “Economic and Social Upgrading and Workforce Development in the Apparel Global Value Chain.” International Labor Brief 11, no. 4 (April 2013): 18–28. Open Access Copy

Sturgeon, T., G. Gereffi, A. Guinn, and E. Zylberberg. “O Brasil nas cadeias globais de valor: implicações para a política industrial e de comércio [“Brazil in Global Value Chains: Implications for Industrial Policy and Trade”].” Revista Brasileira De Comércio Exterior 115, no. Abril-Juhno (2013): 26–41. Open Access Copy

Gereffi, G., and J. Lee. “Why the World Suddenly Cares About Global Supply Chains.” Journal of Supply Chain Management 48, no. 3 (July 1, 2012): 24–32. Full Text Open Access Copy

Lee, Joonkoo, Gary Gereffi, and Janet Beauvais. “Global value chains and agrifood standards: challenges and possibilities for smallholders in developing countries.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109, no. 31 (July 2012): 12326–31. Full Text Open Access Copy

Barrientos, S., G. Gereffi, and A. Rossi. “Economic and social upgrading in global production networks: A new paradigm for a changing world.” International Labour Review 150, no. 3–4 (December 1, 2011): 319–40. Full Text Open Access Copy

Dillemuth, Julie, Stacey Frederick, Rachel Parker, Gary Gereffi, and Richard Appelbaum. “Traveling Technologies: Societal Implications of Nanotechnology Through the Global Value Chain.” Journal of Nano Education 3, no. 1 (June 1, 2011): 36–44. Full Text

Brady, D., Y. Kaya, and G. Gereffi. “Stagnating industrial employment in Latin America.” Work and Occupations 38, no. 2 (May 1, 2011): 179–220. Full Text Open Access Copy


Gereffi, G., P. Bamber, S. Frederick, and K. Fernandez-Stark. “Costa Rica in Global Value Chains: Medical Device, Electronics, Aerospace and Offshore Services,” August 2013.

Ahmed, G., D. Hamrick, A. Guinn, A. Abdulsamad, and G. Gereffi. “Wheat Value Chains and Food Security in the Middle East and North Africa Region.” Durham, NC: Duke Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness, August 2013.

Abdulsamad, Ajmal, Lukas Brun, and G. Gereffi. “Realizing the Potential of African Agriculture: Innovations and Market Access for Smallholder Farmers,” May 30, 2013.

Cattaneo, O., G. Gereffi, S. Miroudot, and D. Taglioni. “Joining, Upgrading and Being Competitive in Global Value Chains: A Strategic Framework.” Policy Research Working Paper 6406. World Bank, April 2013.

Lee, J., and G. Gereffi. “Co-evolution of Concentration in Mobile Phone Global Value Chains and Its Impact on Social Upgrading in Developing Countries.” Capturing the Gains, Working Paper 25, March 2013.

Ahmed, G., A. Abdulsamad, and G. Gereffi. “U.S. Coal and the Technology Innovation Frontier: What Role Does Coal Play in Our Energy Future?” Durham, NC: Duke Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness, February 2013.

Bair, J., and G. Gereffi. “Better Work in Central America: Assessing the Opportunities for Upgrading in Nicaragua’s Apparel Sector.” Capturing the Gains, Working Paper 17, February 2013.

Gereffi, G., L. Brun, S. Stokes, and A. Guinn. “The NSPS Shipbuilding Value Chains,” January 2013.

Stokes, S., S. Wunderink, M. Lowe, and G. Gereffi. “Geosynthetics: Coastal Management Applications in the Gulf of Mexico,” July 25, 2012.

Stokes, S., S. Wunderink, M. Lowe, and G. Gereffi. “Restoring Gulf Oyster Reefs: Opportunities for Innovation,” June 3, 2012.


Wadhwa, Vivek, Una Kim De Vitton, and Gary Gereffi. “How the Disciple Became the Guru: Workforce Development in India’s R&D Labs,” July 2008.

Gereffi, G. “China's Impact on North Carolinas Major Industries.Written Testimony for the U.S. China Economic and Security Review Commission Hearing on �China�S Impact on the North Carolina Economy: Winners and Losers.� Kenan Conference Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, September 2007.

Wadhwa, Vivek, Ben A. Rissing, AnnaLee Saxenian, and G. Gereffi. “Education, Entrepreneurship and Immigration: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs, Part II,” June 11, 2007.

Sturgeon, Timothy, Johannes Van Biesebroeck, and Gary Gereffi. “Prospects for Canada in the NAFTA Automotive Industry: A Global Value Chain Analysis.” Report Prepared for Industry Canada, March 2007.

Gereffi, G. “Basic Medicine Supply Assessment (Honduras),” June 2002.

Gereffi, G. “The Value of Value Chains: Spreading the Gains from Globalisation.” Special Issue of the Ids Bulletin. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex, July 2001.