Gary Gereffi

Gary Gereffi

Professor Emeritus of Sociology

External address: 
264 Soc-Psych, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90088, Durham, NC 27708-0088
(919) 660-5611


Gary Gereffi is Emeritus Professor of Sociology and Director of the Global Value Chains Center at Duke University (  He has published over a dozen books and numerous articles on globalization, industrial upgrading, and social and economic development, and he is one of the originators of the global value chains framework.  His most recent books are:  Handbook on Global Value Chains (co-edited by Stefano Ponte, Gary Gereffi and Gale Raj-Reichert), Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. 2019); and Global Value Chains and Development: Redefining the Contours of 21st Century Capitalism (Cambridge University Press, 2018).  Current projects include:  (1) the impact of U.S. protectionism on jobs and regional trade agreements; (2) evaluating how the digital economy and Industry 4.0 are likely to affect international business strategies and industrial upgrading; and (3) shifting regional interdependencies in East Asia and North America, with a focus on China, South Korea and Mexico vis-à-vis the United States.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Yale University 1980

Gereffi, G. “Paths of Industrialization: An Overview.” In Manufacturing Miracles: Paths of Industrialization in Latin America and East Asia, edited by Gary Gereffi and Donald L. Wyman, 3–31. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Gereffi, G. “Big Business and the State.” In Manufacturing Miracles: Paths of Industrialization in Latin America and East Asia, edited by G. Gereffi and D. L. Wyman, 90–109. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Ellison, Christopher, and Gary Gereffi. “Explaining Strategies and Patterns of Industrial Development.” In Manufacturing Miracles, edited by Gary Gereffi and Gary Wyman, 368–403, 1990.

Gereffi, G. “Industrial Restructuring and National Development Strategies: A Comparison of Taiwan, South Korea, Brazil and Mexico.” In Taiwan: A Newly Industrialized State, edited by Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao, Wei-Yuan Cheng, and Hou-Sheng Chan, 581–616. Taipei: Department of Sociology, National Taiwan University, 1989.

Gereffi, Gary, and Donald Wiman. “Determinants of Development Strategies in Latin America and East Asia.” In Pacific Dynamics: The International Politics of Industrial Change, edited by Stephan Haggard and Chung-in Moon, 23–52. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1989.

Gereffi, G. “The Pharmaceuticals Market.” In Health Care in Peru: Resources and Policy, edited by Dieter K. Zschock, 165–96. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1988.

Gereffi, G. “The Renegotiation of Dependency and the Limits of State Autonomy in Mexico (1975-1982).” In Multinational Corporations: The Political Economy of Foreign Direct Investment, edited by Theodore H. Moran, 83–106. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1985.

Gereffi, G. “The Global Pharmaceutical Industry and Its Impact in Latin America.” In Profits, Progress and Poverty: Case Studies of International Industries in Latin America, edited by Richard Newfarmer, 259–97. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1985.

Gereffi, Gary, and Richard Newfarmer. “International Oligopoly and Uneven Development: Some Lessons from Industrial Case Studies.” In Profits, Progress and Poverty, edited by Richard Newfarmer, 385–436, 1985.

Evans, Peter, and Gary Gereffi. “Foreign Investment and Dependent Development: Comparing Brazil and Mexico.” In Brazil and Mexico: Patterns in Late Development, edited by Sylvia Ann Hewlett and Richard S. Weinert, 111–68. Philadelphia, PA: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, 1982.


Gereffi, G. “Global sourcing in the U.S. apparel industry.” Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management 2, no. 1 (December 1, 2001). Open Access Copy

Gereffi, Gary, Ronie Garcia-Johnson, and Erika Sasser. “The NGO-Industrial Complex.” Foreign Policy, no. 125 (July 2001): 56–56. Full Text

Gereffi, Gary, John Humphrey, Raphael Kaplinsky, and Timothy J. Sturgeon. “Globalisation, Value Chains and Development.” Ids Bulletin 32 (July 2001): 1–8.

Gereffi, Gary, John Humphrey, Raphael Kaplinsky, and Timothy J. Sturgeon*. “Introduction: Globalisation, Value Chains and Development.” Ids Bulletin 32, no. 3 (July 2001): 1–8. Full Text

Gereffi, G. “Las cadenas productivas como marco analítico para la globalización.Problemas Del Desarrollo [Universidad Nacional Autónoma De México, Mexico City, Mexico] 32 (April 2001): 9–37.

Bair, J., and G. Gereffi. “Local clusters in global chains: The causes and consequences of export dynamism in Torreon’s Blue Jeans industry.” World Development 29, no. 11 (January 1, 2001): 1885–1903. Full Text

Gereffi, Gary, and Martha A. Martinez. “Torreón’s Blue Jeans Boom: Exploring La Laguna’s Full Package Solution.” Bobbin 41 (April 2000): 44–54.


Gereffi, G., and O. memodovic. “The Global Apparel Value Chain: What Prospects for Upgrading by Developing Countries?Sectoral Studies Series, 2003.

Wadhwa, Vivek, Ben A. Rissing, G. Gereffi, John Trumpbour, and Pete Engardio. “The Globalization of Innovation: Pharmaceuticals: Can India and China Cure the Global Pharmaceutical Market,” n.d.