Gary Gereffi

Gary Gereffi

Professor Emeritus of Sociology

External address: 
264 Soc-Psych, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Duke Box 90088, Durham, NC 27708-0088
(919) 660-5611


Gary Gereffi is Emeritus Professor of Sociology and Director of the Global Value Chains Center at Duke University (  He has published over a dozen books and numerous articles on globalization, industrial upgrading, and social and economic development, and he is one of the originators of the global value chains framework.  His most recent books are:  Handbook on Global Value Chains (co-edited by Stefano Ponte, Gary Gereffi and Gale Raj-Reichert), Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. 2019); and Global Value Chains and Development: Redefining the Contours of 21st Century Capitalism (Cambridge University Press, 2018).  Current projects include:  (1) the impact of U.S. protectionism on jobs and regional trade agreements; (2) evaluating how the digital economy and Industry 4.0 are likely to affect international business strategies and industrial upgrading; and (3) shifting regional interdependencies in East Asia and North America, with a focus on China, South Korea and Mexico vis-à-vis the United States.

Education & Training

  • Ph.D., Yale University 1980

Ramaswamy, K. V., and G. Gereffi. “India's apparel exports: The challenge of global markets.” Developing Economies 38, no. 2 (January 1, 2000): 186–210. Full Text

Gereffi, G. “International trade and industrial upgrading in the apparel commodity chain.” Journal of International Economics 48, no. 1 (June 1, 1999): 37–70. Full Text

Gereffi, Gary, and Jennifer Bair. “U.S. Companies Eye NAFTA’s Prize.” Bobbin 39 (March 1998): 26–35. Open Access Copy

Ramaswamy, K. V., and G. Gereffi. “India's apparel sector in the global economy - Catching up or falling behind.” Economic and Political Weekly 33, no. 3 (January 17, 1998): 122–30.

Gereffi, G. “Global Shifts, Regional Response: Can North America Meet the Full-Package Challenge?Bobbin 39 (November 1997): 16–31.

Gereffi, G. “Competitividade e redes na cadeia produtiva do vestuário na América do Norte.Revista Latino Americana De Estudos Do Trabalho [Sao Paulo, Brazil] 3 (1997): 101–27.

Gereffi, G. “Commodity Chains and Regional Divisions of Labor in East Asia.Journal of Asian Business 12 (May 1996): 75–112.

Gereffi, Gary, and Lynn Hempel. “Latin America in the Global Economy: Running Faster to Stay in Place.” Nacla Report on the Americas 29, no. 4 (January 1996): 18–27. Full Text

Gereffi, G. “Globalization’s Winners and Losers.Global Perspective 8 (1996): 4–7.