Jack and Pamela Egan Professor of Entrepreneurship
My research considers the social context of entrepreneurship from both a contemporary and historical perspective. I draw on large-scale surveys of entrepreneurs in the United States to explore processes of team formation, innovation, exchange, and boundary maintenance in nascent business startups. My historical analyses address entrepreneurial activity and constraint during periods of profound institutional change. This work has considered a diverse range of sectors, including the organizational transformation of Southern agriculture and industry after the Civil War, African American entrepreneurship under Jim Crow, the transition of the U.S. healthcare system from professional monopoly to managed care, and the character of entrepreneurship during early mercantile and industrial capitalism.
Ruef, M. “Sociology of Entrepreneurship.” Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2015.
Ruef, M. “Constructing Labor Markets: The Valuation of Black Labor in the U.S. South, 1831 to 1867.” American Sociological Review 77, no. 6 (2012): 970–98. https://doi.org/10.1177/0003122412465282. Full Text
Ruef, M, and Reinecke, D. "Does Capitalism Produce an Entrepreneurial Class?." Research in Organizational Behavior 31 (2011): 225-252. Full Text
Ruef, M. “"Let a Hundred Flowers Blossom": The Cross-Fertilization of Organization Studies at Stanford.” Research in the Sociology of Organizations 28 (2010): 387–93.
Ruef, M, and Patterson, K. "Credit and Classification: The Impact of Industry Boundaries in 19th Century America." Administrative Science Quarterly 54, no. 3 (2009): 486-520. Full Text
Ruef, M, and Patterson, K. "Organizations and Local Development: Economic and Demographic Growth among Southern Counties during Reconstruction." Social Forces 87, no. 4 (2009): 1743-1776. Full Text
Ruef, M., and A. Harness. “Agrarian Origins of Management Ideology: The Roman and Antebellum Cases.” Organization Studies 30, no. 6 (2009): 589–607. https://doi.org/10.1177/0170840609104801. Full Text
Ruef, M. “Economic Inequality among Entrepreneurs.” Research in the Sociology of Work 18 (2009): 57–87.