Jack and Pamela Egan Professor of Entrepreneurship
My research considers the social context of entrepreneurship from both a contemporary and historical perspective. I draw on large-scale surveys of entrepreneurs in the United States to explore processes of team formation, innovation, exchange, and boundary maintenance in nascent business startups. My historical analyses address entrepreneurial activity and constraint during periods of profound institutional change. This work has considered a diverse range of sectors, including the organizational transformation of Southern agriculture and industry after the Civil War, African American entrepreneurship under Jim Crow, the transition of the U.S. healthcare system from professional monopoly to managed care, and the character of entrepreneurship during early mercantile and industrial capitalism.
Ruef, M. Between Slavery and Capitalism: The Legacy of Emancipation in the American South. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2014.
Ruef, M. The Entrepreneurial Group: Social Identities, Relations, and Collective Action. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2010.
Ruef, M., and M. Lounsbury. The Sociology of Entrepreneurship. Vol. 25. New York: Elsevier, 2007.
Aldrich, H., and M. Ruef. Organizations Evolving (2nd Edition). London: Sage, 2006.
Scott, W. R., M. Ruef, P. J. Mendel, and C. A. Caronna. Institutional Change and Healthcare Organizations: From Professional Dominance to Managed Care. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.
Ruef, Martin. “Slavery in the North: Forgetting History and Recovering Memory.” American Journal of Sociology. University of Chicago Press, 2020.
Ruef, M. “The Business of Slavery and the Rise of American Capitalism, 1815-1860.” The Historian. Blackwell Publishing Inc., June 1, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1111/hisn.12527. Full Text
Ruef, M. “The Port Royal Experiment: A Case Study in Development.” Journal of Southern History, 2016.
Ruef, M. “Between Monopoly and Free Trade: The English East India Company, 1600-1757.” Contemporary Sociology, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1177/0094306115609925l. Full Text
Ruef, M. “Human Capital, Inter-Firm Mobility, and Organizational Evolution.” Contemporary Sociology. American Sociological Association, 2009.
Ruef, M. “From Higher Aims to Hired Hands: The Social Transformation of American Business Schools and the Unfulfilled Promise of Management as a Profession.” Administrative Science Quarterly, 2008.
Ruef, M. “The Two Reconstructions: The Struggle for Black Enfranchisement..” American Journal of Sociology, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1086/502999. Full Text
Ruef, M. “Social Movements and Organization Theory.” Administrative Science Quarterly, 2005.
Ruef, M. “Changing Organizations: Business Networks in the New Political Economy.” Social Forces, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1353/sof.2003.0043. Full Text
Ruef, M. “The Twenty-First-Century Firm: Changing Economic Organization in International Perspective.” Administrative Science Quarterly, 2002. https://doi.org/10.2307/3094916. Full Text
Ruef, M., and M. Nag. “The Classification of Organizational Forms: Theory and Application to the Field of Higher Education.” In Remaking College: The Changing Ecology of Higher Education, edited by M. Kirst and M. Stevens, 84–109. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2015.
Ruef, M. “The Human and Financial Capital of the Southern Middle Class, 1850-1900.” In The Southern Middle Class in the Long Nineteenth Century, edited by J. D. Wells and J. R. Green, 202–24. Baton Rouge, LA: LSU Press, 2011.
Ruef, M. “Entrepreneurial Groups.” In Historical Foundations of Entrepreneurship Research, edited by H. Landstrom and F. Lohrke, 205–28. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2010.
Ruef, M., B. Bonikowski, and H. Aldrich. “Business Owner Demography, Human Capital, and Social Networks.” In New Firm Creation in the United States, edited by P. D. Reynolds and R. T. Curtin, 95–114. New York: Springer, 2009.
Ruef, M. “Reason and Rationalization: Modes of Argumentation among Health Care Professionals.” In The Cultural Turn: Perspectives on Communicative Practices in Workplaces and Professions., edited by C. Thralls and M. Zachry, 93–111. Amityville, NY: Baywood Press, 2007.
Ruef, M. “Karl Mannheim.” In Encyclopedia of Sociology, edited by G. Ritzer, 2756–59. London: Blackwell, 2007.
Ruef, M. “Organizational Ecology.” In The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Management, Organizational Behavior, edited by N. Nicholson, P. G. Audia, and M. M. Pillutla, 285–89. London: Wiley-Blackwell, 2006.
Aldrich, H., N. Carter, and M. Ruef. “Startup Teams.” In Handbook of Entrepreneurial Dynamics: The Process of Organizational Creation, edited by W. B. Gartner, K. Shaver, N. Carter, and P. Reynolds, 299–310. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2004.
Ruef, M. “At the Interstices of Organizations: The Expansion of the Management Consulting Profession, 1933-97.” In The Expansion of Management Knowledge: Carriers, Flows, and Sources, edited by K. Sahlin-Andersson and L. Engwall. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2002.
Ruef, M. “The Household as a Source of Labor for Entrepreneurs: Evidence from New York City during Industrialization.” Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal forthcoming (2019). https://doi.org/10.1002/sej.1309. Full Text
Ruef, M., and Angelina Grigoryeva. “Jim Crow, Ethnic Enclaves, and Status Attainment: Occupational Mobility among U.S. Blacks, 1880-1940.” American Journal of Sociology 124, no. 3 (2018): 814–59. https://doi.org/10.1086/701020. Full Text
Rickne, Annika, M. Ruef, and Karl Wennberg. “The Socially and Spatially Bounded Relationships of Entrepreneurial Activity: Olav Sorenson -- Recipient of the 2018 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research.” Small Business Economics 51, no. 3 (2018): 515–25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-018-0075-8. Full Text
Aldrich, H., and M. Ruef. “Unicorns, Gazelles, and Other Distractions on the Way to Understanding Real Entrepreneurship in America.” Academy of Management Perspectives 32, no. 4 (2018): 458–458. https://doi.org/10.5465/amp.2017.0123. Full Text
Ruef, M. “Ecological and Rational Choice Models of Endogenous Change.” Rationality and Society 29, no. 1 (2017): 55–62. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043463116685664. Full Text
Wezel, F., and M. Ruef. “Agents with Principles: The Control of Labor in the Dutch East India Company, 1700-1796.” American Sociological Review 82, no. 5 (2017): 1009–36. https://doi.org/10.1177/0003122417718165. Full Text
Kwon, S. -. W., and M. Ruef. “The Imprint of Labor Markets on Entrepreneurial Performance.” Journal of Business Venturing 32, no. 6 (2017): 611–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2017.08.002. Full Text
Godfrey, P., J. Hassard, E. O’Connor, M. Rowlinson, and M. Ruef. “What is Organizational History? Towards a Creative Synthesis of History and Organization Studies.” Academy of Management Review 41, no. 4 (2016): 590–608. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2016.0040. Full Text
Ruef, M. “Reply to Critics -- Between Slavery and Capitalism.” In Trajectories, 28:41–44. ASA Section on Comparative and Historical Sociology, 2016.
Ruef, M. “Organizational Sociology has a Past ... Does it Have a Future?.” In Work in Progress. ASA Section on Organizations, Occupations, and Work, 2014.
Ruef, M., and A. Harness. “The Myth of Modern Management: Roman and Antebellum Management Ideology in Comparative Perspective.” In Academy of Management 2007 Annual Meeting: Doing Well by Doing Good, Aom 2007, 2007.
Kim, P., H. E. Aldrich, and M. Ruef. “Fruits of Co-Laboring: Effects of Entrepreneurial Team Stability on the Organizational Founding Process,” 2005.
Aldrich, H. E., N. M. Carter, and M. Ruef. “With Very Little Help From Their Friends: Gender and Relational Composition of Nascent Entrepreneurs' Startup Teams.” In Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 156–69, 2002.